MRI Can Be Painful, Disruptive for People With Cochlear Implants
MRI Can Be Painful, Disruptive for People With Cochlear Implants THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Some people with cochlear implants experience pain, discomfort and problems with the implant's internal magnet when they undergo an MRI scan, a new study finds. According to background information supplied by the researchers, about 300,000 people worldwide have cochlear implants, devices which provide a sense of sound to people who are deaf or have severe hearing loss. There have been prior repor...
Many People Who Drink a Lot Aren't Alcoholics: CDC
Many People Who Drink a Lot Aren't Alcoholics: CDC THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most people who drink to excess or binge drink are not alcoholics, a new U.S. government report says. In fact, 90 percent of those who drink too much aren't dependent on alcohol. But one in three adults drinks to excess, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "A lot of people mistakenly assume that people who drink too much are alcoholics," said study co-author Dr. Robert Brewer, the...
Mastectomy Rates Rising Among Women Eligible for Lumpectomy
Mastectomy Rates Rising Among Women Eligible for Lumpectomy WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When confronted with early stage breast cancer, surgical removal of the tumor alone (lumpectomy) -- which conserves the breast -- can be a less drastic option than total mastectomy. However, a new study shows that a rising number of early stage breast cancer patients who are eligible for lumpectomy are nonetheless undergoing mastectomy. Researchers led by Dr. Kristy Kummerow, of Vanderbilt University...
More Americans Controlling Their High Blood Pressure
More Americans Controlling Their High Blood Pressure SUNDAY, Nov. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A growing number of Americans with high blood pressure are keeping their condition under control, a new U.S. government study reports. Researchers examined national data on more than 9,200 people with high blood pressure -- a reading of at least 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) -- who were surveyed between 2003 and 2012. The results showed that the number of people who achieved optimal blood pressure (les...
Many Teens Suffer 'Cyber' Dating Abuse, Study Suggests
Many Teens Suffer 'Cyber' Dating Abuse, Study Suggests MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many teens are abused online by the people they're dating, a new study suggests. This abuse can include being monitored, stalked, threatened and harassed through hurtful comments, the researchers said. The findings were based on surveys of teens who visited northern California school health clinics, and don't hint at how common this kind of abuse among teens is overall. But the study does suggest that female...
Most in U.S. Aren't Suitable Kidney Donors, Study Says
Most in U.S. Aren't Suitable Kidney Donors, Study Says FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Even if they were willing, most people in the United States aren't qualified to be kidney donors because of health or financial reasons, a new study has found. More than 75 percent of the population could not donate, said Dr. Anthony Bleyer, a nephrologist at Wake Forest School of Medicine, who led the study. It is to be presented Friday at the American Society of Nephrology meeting in Philadelphia. While th...
Mom's Weight Might Influence Baby's Earliest Development
Mom's Weight Might Influence Baby's Earliest Development FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A mother's weight before pregnancy may affect her embryo's early development and possibly the long-term health of the child, a new study suggests. "Previous studies have indicated that a mother's weight at conception is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in the children later in life," Dr. Roger Sturmey, from the Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research at the U...
Medical Products Used With Preemies in Hospitals May Harm Them, Study Suggests
Medical Products Used With Preemies in Hospitals May Harm Them, Study Suggests THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Plastic medical products used to care for premature babies in hospitals may expose the infants to high levels of a chemical that could harm their health, a new study indicates. Researchers found that premature babies in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may be exposed to levels of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) that are 4,000 to 160,000 times higher than what is considered s...
More Than One-Fifth of High School Students Smoke: CDC
More Than One-Fifth of High School Students Smoke: CDC THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More than a fifth of American teens smoke or use tobacco in some way, which means that millions of them are putting themselves at risk for early death, a federal government study warns. Nearly 23 percent of high school students use tobacco products, and more than 90 percent of those teens smoke cigarettes, cigars, hookahs or pipes, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Preve...
Many Dialysis Patients Ill-Prepared for Emergencies, Study Says
Many Dialysis Patients Ill-Prepared for Emergencies, Study Says THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although their health depends on working technology, many kidney-failure patients on dialysis are not prepared for natural disasters or other emergencies, new research finds. But the study from Mount Sinai Beth Israel Hospital in New York City found that giving dialysis patients detailed information about their medical history and treatment schedule could help improve their emergency preparedness....
Medical Bills Pricey for Americans, Even With Private Insurance
Medical Bills Pricey for Americans, Even With Private Insurance THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many Americans may believe that private insurance can keep major medical bills at bay. But a new survey finds that one-fifth of people with private plans still spend at least 5 percent of their income on out-of-pocket health care costs. The findings, from the research group The Commonwealth Fund, found that 21 percent of adults with health coverage spent 5 percent or more of their income on out-of...
Many U.S. Doctors Wary of Genetic Testing: Survey
Many U.S. Doctors Wary of Genetic Testing: Survey WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many American doctors may not support genetic testing in patients without a major family history of certain illnesses, suggests a new survey of physicians. When presented with the hypothetical case of a middle-aged man with a family history of cancer in an aunt and uncle, more than a third of 180 U.S. doctors surveyed said they wouldn't recommend any genetic testing. Almost half would only recommend testing fo...
Mouse Study Suggests Brain Is Damaged Early in Lou Gehrig's Disease
Mouse Study Suggests Brain Is Damaged Early in Lou Gehrig's Disease TUESDAY, Nov. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Muscle-controlling nerve cells in the brain may be damaged earlier in Lou Gehrig's disease than previously thought, a new mouse study suggests. The findings may lead researchers to shift their focus on the origins of the neurological disease -- also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) -- from the spinal cord to the brain's motor cortex, according to the researchers from Cedars-Sinai Medi...
Many Smokers Quick to Accept Plainly Packaged Cigarettes, Study Finds
Many Smokers Quick to Accept Plainly Packaged Cigarettes, Study Finds MONDAY, Nov. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- In an attempt to make smoking less attractive, Australia recently mandated that cigarette packs there be sold in plain wrappers with large, graphic health warnings. Some anti-smoking advocates have pushed for similar packaging changes in the United States. Now, a new study published online recently in the journal Tobacco Control finds that many Australian smokers have quickly accepted and supp...
Medicare to Cover Lung Cancer Screening for Long-Time Smokers
Medicare to Cover Lung Cancer Screening for Long-Time Smokers MONDAY, Nov. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Annual lung cancer screenings for long-term smokers may soon be covered by Medicare, the U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced Monday. The reimbursement proposal would cover annual CT scans for people aged 55 to 74 with a smoking history of 30 pack-years who still smoke or who quit within the last 15 years. Pack years are determined by multiplying the number of packs smoked d...
Minority Kids May Be Missed in Autism Diagnoses: Study
Minority Kids May Be Missed in Autism Diagnoses: Study MONDAY, Nov. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Black and Hispanic students are less likely to be identified as having autism than white students, a new study reveals. Researchers analyzed autism identification rates at schools across the United States between 2000 and 2007. These rates reflect how many students have been identified by schools -- not necessarily a doctor -- as having autism. Rates among black, Hispanic and white students increased in all ...
Many Docs Fail to Counsel Young Adults With High Blood Pressure
Many Docs Fail to Counsel Young Adults With High Blood Pressure MONDAY, Nov. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Only one in two young American adults with high blood pressure gets advice from a doctor on lifestyle changes, a new study finds. Lifestyle changes are critical to helping young adults control their blood pressure, and they cover areas such as exercise, weight loss and healthy eating, the researchers said. Among Americans aged 18 to 39, an estimated 9 percent of men and 7 percent of women have high ...
Many Docs Mistaken About Allergies: Study
Many Docs Mistaken About Allergies: Study FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many primary care doctors may not be up to speed on the causes and best treatments for allergies, a new study suggests. In a survey of over 400 internists and pediatricians, researchers found that misconceptions about allergies were fairly common -- particularly when it came to food allergies. For example, one-third of all doctors, and half of internists, did not know the go-to treatment for a person who develops hives an...
Mosquito-Borne Chikungunya Virus Still a Concern for American Travelers: CDC
Mosquito-Borne Chikungunya Virus Still a Concern for American Travelers: CDC THURSDAY, Nov. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Americans traveling to the Caribbean and Central and South America this winter need to be aware that an outbreak of the mosquito-borne disease chikungunya continues to spread in those areas, U.S. federal health officials said Thursday. There is no vaccine or treatment for the infection, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chikungunya causes symptoms such a...
Medical Errors Drop When Docs Communicate Better at Shift Changes
Medical Errors Drop When Docs Communicate Better at Shift Changes WEDNESDAY, Nov. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Changing how doctors communicate during shift changes in hospitals reduced the risk of adverse events in patients by 30 percent, a new study found. In the study of nearly 11,000 patients, researchers also found that a better method of communication could reduce the rate of medical errors by almost 25 percent. "We were trying to improve the way doctors were passing on patient information," said l...
Most Minor Cosmetic Procedures Safe, Study Concludes
Most Minor Cosmetic Procedures Safe, Study Concludes WEDNESDAY, Nov. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Minimally invasive cosmetic procedures are nearly risk-free, a new study says. Researchers examined the results of more than 20,000 of these procedures -- such as fillers, neurotoxins and the use of laser and energy devices -- performed by 23 dermatologists at eight centers across the United States. Minor complications, such as bruising, swelling, redness, bumpiness or skin darkening, occurred in less than 1...
Men Less Likely Than Women to Get Bone Test After Fracture
Men Less Likely Than Women to Get Bone Test After Fracture WEDNESDAY, Nov. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older men are much less likely than women to receive osteoporosis screening and treatment after suffering a wrist fracture, a new study reveals. While osteoporosis is widely regarded as a disease that affects older women, as many as one in four men older than 50 will break a bone due to osteoporosis, according to the researchers. And, more than 2 million American men have osteoporosis, they added. "Tre...
MIT Researchers Develop Safer 'Button' Battery
MIT Researchers Develop Safer 'Button' Battery MONDAY, Nov. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers have developed a coating for button batteries to prevent them from causing chemical burns in the digestive tract if they're swallowed by children. Button batteries are used to power a wide range of devices such as toys, calculators and hearing aids. About 5 billion of these batteries are produced every year, according to the researchers. If children swallow these batteries, they can suffer burns that caus...
Many Americans May Get Hospice Care Too Late
Many Americans May Get Hospice Care Too Late MONDAY, Nov. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Of the more than 1.5 million patients who received hospice care in the United States in 2013, one-third died within one week of getting it, a new report shows. "While many dying Americans are opting for hospice care at the end of their lives, far too many receive care for a week or less. We need to reach patients earlier in the course of their illness to ensure they receive the full benefits that hospice and palliative...
Mom's Words Matter Most to Newborns
Mom's Words Matter Most to Newborns MONDAY, Nov. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Infants are exposed to more speech from mothers during their first year of life, which may be why they often pay more attention to mom, new research suggests. "Infants respond to both parents in the first months, with a greater response to moms," said study co-author Dr. Betty Vohr, professor of pediatrics at Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence, R.I. As for the listening patterns of the parents themse...
Make the Most of This Weekend's Time Change
Make the Most of This Weekend's Time Change FRIDAY, Oct. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A few simple steps can help make this weekend's time change easier to cope with, a sleep expert says. "Adjusting to the end of Daylight Saving Time in the fall is a bit easier than handling the time change in the spring. The main reason is because we gain an hour of sleep for the fall time change," Dr. Praveen Rudraraju, director of the Center for Sleep Medicine at Northern Westchester Hospital in Mount Kisco, N.Y., sa...
Many U.S. Colleges Have Indoor Tanning Salons On, Near Campus: Study
Many U.S. Colleges Have Indoor Tanning Salons On, Near Campus: Study WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many U.S. colleges have indoor tanning salons on or near campus, even though tanning increases the risk for skin cancer, researchers report. Tanning remains popular among young adults, particularly white women, so colleges should adopt tanning-free policies, to help protect students' health, the researchers said. "Public health efforts are needed to raise university administration and studen...
More Clues to Spotting Autism in Siblings of Those With Disorder
More Clues to Spotting Autism in Siblings of Those With Disorder TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Brothers and sisters of children with autism can show signs of the disorder as early as 18 months of age, a new study says. About 20 percent of younger siblings of children with autism will be diagnosed with autism by age 3, the Yale University researchers said. Their study included 719 younger siblings of children with autism. The siblings were assessed when they were 18 months old and again at a...
Metformin Beats Other Type 2 Diabetes Drugs for First Treatment: Study
Metformin Beats Other Type 2 Diabetes Drugs for First Treatment: Study TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who are initially given the drug metformin are less likely to eventually need other drugs to control their blood sugar, a new study suggests. The study found that, of those started on metformin, only about one-quarter needed another drug to control their blood sugar. However, people who were started on type 2 diabetes drugs other than metformin oft...
Multiple Drug Use Raises Infection Risk for 'Swinging' Couples
Multiple Drug Use Raises Infection Risk for 'Swinging' Couples FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Multiple drug use put couples who "swing" at increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), a new study shows. Swingers are defined as heterosexual couples who have group sex, swap partners and/or visit sex clubs for couples. Researchers looked at 289 people, average age 49, in the Netherlands who said they were swingers and visited an STD clinic between 2009 and 2012. Half of the participa...
Many Americans in Debt, Bankruptcy Paying for Cancer Care
Many Americans in Debt, Bankruptcy Paying for Cancer Care WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Besides the danger and worry from the disease itself, many Americans battling cancer are faced with high bills for medical care, two new reports show. One-third of cancer survivors in the United States say they have experienced money or work problems due to cancer care, while even many cancer patients who have insurance say they have had to change their lifestyle and medical care due to the financial b...
Mutations Linked to Blood Cancers Rise With Age, Study Shows
Mutations Linked to Blood Cancers Rise With Age, Study Shows WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Blood cell mutations linked to the blood cancers leukemia and lymphoma increase as people get older, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed blood samples from nearly 3,000 Americans, ages 10 to 90, and found the mutations in less than 1 percent of those ages 40 to 49. By the time people are between 70 and 79, 5 percent will have blood cell mutations, according to the study. For people betwee...
Mouse Study Suggests Antibiotics May Aid Salmonella's Spread in Animals
Mouse Study Suggests Antibiotics May Aid Salmonella's Spread in Animals MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotics might actually help Salmonella -- bacteria that cause food poisoning -- spread among infected animals, according to new research. Although this phenomenon isn't yet known to have occurred among people, the study's authors cautioned their findings should serve as a reminder of the potential dangers of antibiotic use. They also noted that their findings call into question the perva...
Medication Errors Occur Every 8 Minutes in U.S. Children
Medication Errors Occur Every 8 Minutes in U.S. Children MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A child receives the wrong medication or the wrong dosage every eight minutes in the United States, according to a recent study. Nearly 700,000 children under 6 years old experienced an out-of-hospital medication error between 2002 and 2012. Out of those episodes, one out of four children was under a year old. As the age of children decreased, the likelihood of an error increased, the study found. Though 9...
Man Treated for Ebola in Atlanta Now 'Free' of the Virus
Man Treated for Ebola in Atlanta Now 'Free' of the Virus MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An unidentified patient being treated at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta is now "free of Ebola virus disease" and was discharged Sunday from the facility, the medical center said in a statement released Monday afternoon. The man, who has requested anonymity since being admitted to care at Emory's Serious Communicable Disease Unit on Sept. 9, now poses no threat to public health and has left the hospit...
Most Kindergartners Are Getting Their Shots: CDC
Most Kindergartners Are Getting Their Shots: CDC THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most American kids entering kindergarten are getting their required vaccinations, a new report shows. Coverage for the 2013-2014 school year ranged from 95 percent for the diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough) vaccine to 94.7 percent for two doses of the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine, and 93.3 percent for two doses of varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, the report found. However, there was st...
More Evidence That Exercise May Help Fight Depression
More Evidence That Exercise May Help Fight Depression THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Physically active people are less likely to show signs of depression, a new study finds. And exercise can help improve mood in people who already feel depressed, but there's a catch: Depressive symptoms appear to be a barrier to physical activity, the British researchers said. The findings, based on 11,000 adults ages 23 to 50, correlate with previous research suggesting that exercise can have a powerful ef...
Medicare Subsidy Helps Breast Cancer Patients Afford Treatment
Medicare Subsidy Helps Breast Cancer Patients Afford Treatment WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A Medicare subsidy program makes it more likely that breast cancer patients in all racial and ethnic groups will continue hormone therapy after surgery for their cancer, a new study found. "Patients are more likely to take their medications if they are able to afford them," said lead author Dr. Alana Biggers, an assistant professor of clinical medicine at the University of Illinois-Chicago. "Our s...
More Kids Using ERs for Medical Care, Researchers Say
More Kids Using ERs for Medical Care, Researchers Say TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More children are going to the emergency room for health care, a new California study reveals. Children's visits to the emergency room in California hospitals increased 11 percent between 2005 and 2010. At the start of the study, 2.5 million children were seen in the ER. By 2010, 2.8 million children visited the ER each year, according to the study released Oct. 14 in the Journal of the American Medical Asso...
Many Parents Need to Educate Themselves About Concussions
Many Parents Need to Educate Themselves About Concussions FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Parents' lack of knowledge about concussion may hinder youngsters' treatment and recovery, two new studies suggest. One study included a survey of 511 parents of children aged 5 to 18 who suffered a head injury. Only about half of the parents knew that a concussion was a brain injury that could cause symptoms such as headache or difficulty concentrating. Ninety-two percent knew that they should stop their...
Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions: Study
Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions: Study THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although food allergies have garnered a lot of attention lately, a new study reports that medications are actually the biggest cause of sudden deaths related to allergy. Over a little more than a decade, nearly 60 percent of the allergy-related deaths were caused by medications, while less than 7 percent were caused by food allergies, the study found. "Medications can be dangerous," said study res...
Marriage Break-Up Rates Similar for Gay, Straight Couples: Study
Marriage Break-Up Rates Similar for Gay, Straight Couples: Study MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When gays and lesbians have access to government-sanctioned marriage, or engage in highly committed "marriage-like" unions, their rates of break-up are the same as those of heterosexuals, a new study finds. The study was released Monday, coinciding with an announcement from the U.S. Supreme Court that it would refuse to hear cases from five states seeking to maintain bans on same-sex marriage. Exper...
MRI May Spot Early Signs of Mental Decline, Study Finds
MRI May Spot Early Signs of Mental Decline, Study Finds TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An MRI scan that measures blood flow in the brain may help predict which older adults are at risk for future memory loss, a preliminary study suggests. The researchers found that, in some apparently healthy older adults, the MRI technique was able to pick up reductions in blood flow to a brain region linked to memory. And those people were more likely than their peers to show subtle memory loss 18 months la...
More Women Having Reconstruction Surgery After Breast Cancer Treatment
More Women Having Reconstruction Surgery After Breast Cancer Treatment FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A growing number of breast cancer patients in the United States are having breast reconstruction surgery immediately after breast removal (mastectomy), a new study shows. This steady increase over the past 15 years is especially notable among women who were once considered too high-risk for breast reconstruction surgery, including those aged 65 and older, those who have had radiation therapy a...
Mini-Strokes May Lead to PTSD, Study Finds
Mini-Strokes May Lead to PTSD, Study Finds THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A mini-stroke may not cause lasting physical damage, but it could increase your risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a small, new study suggests. Almost one-third of patients who suffered a mini-stroke -- known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) -- developed symptoms of PTSD, including depression, anxiety and reduced quality of life, the researchers said. "At the moment, a TIA is seen by doctors ...
Most Who Abuse Painkillers Are Unprepared If Overdose Strikes: Study
Most Who Abuse Painkillers Are Unprepared If Overdose Strikes: Study THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although teens and young adults who abuse prescription painkillers face a high risk of overdose, most don't know how to respond when one occurs, new research shows. At issue is the increasingly popular, non-medicinal use of legal prescription narcotic pain medications, including so-called "opioids" such as Oxycontin and Vicodin. Such drugs can substantially slow or even halt the ability to bre...
Medical Implant Devices Skate Through Review Process, Studies Claim
Medical Implant Devices Skate Through Review Process, Studies Claim MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Every day, people receive medical implants -- artificial valves, hip replacements, surgical mesh and the like -- that may not have been rigorously tested before or after their approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, two new studies contend. The studies -- conducted by prominent nonprofit groups and published online Sept. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine -- lay the blame for inadequate me...
MRSA and Children: What You Should Know
MRSA and Children: What You Should Know Millions of Americans develop serious infections each year from drug-resistant staphylococcus bacteria. This type of staph bacteria is known as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aur eus (MRSA), although it's resistant to common antibiotics, including penicillin and amoxicillin. MRSA infections originally appeared mostly in hospitals and nursing homes. A virulent kind of resistant "staph" has developed outside of health care settings. It's known as community-acq...
Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)
Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) (Magnetic Resonance Angiogram, MRA) Procedure overview You might be familiar with the testing procedure called magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this test, radio waves, a magnetic field, and a computer create a scan of your body parts to look for health problems. Magnetic resonance angiography – also called a magnetic resonance angiogram or MRA – is a type of MRI that looks specifically at the body’s blood vessels. Unlike a traditional angiogram, which requires in...
Mirtazapine Oral disintegrating tablet
Mirtazapine Oral disintegrating tablet What is this medicine? MIRTAZAPINE (mir TAZ a peen) is used to treat depression. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. These tablets are made to dissolve in the mouth. Place the tablet in the mouth and allow it to dissolve, then swallow. You can take these tablets with water, but you do not have to. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do ...
Maprotiline Hydrochloride Oral tablet
Maprotiline Hydrochloride Oral tablet What is this medicine? MAPROTILINE (ma PROE ti leen) is used to treat depression. This medicine also helps to relieve anxiety associated with depression. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly except upon the advice of your doctor. Stopping t...
Mirtazapine Oral tablet
Mirtazapine Oral tablet What is this medicine? MIRTAZAPINE (mir TAZ a peen) is used to treat depression. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly except upon the advice of your doctor. Stopping this medicine too quickly may cause serious side effects or your condition may worsen. A...
Myocardial Perfusion Scan, Resting
Myocardial Perfusion Scan, Resting (Resting Thallium Scan, Cardiac Nuclear Imaging, Cardiolite Scan, Sestamibi Scan) Procedure overview What is a resting myocardial perfusion scan? A myocardial perfusion scan is a type of nuclear medicine procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance, called a radionuclide (radiopharmaceutical or radioactive tracer), is used during the procedure to assist in the examination of the tissue under study. Specifically, the myocardial perfusion scan eval...
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Heart
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Heart (MRI Scan of the Heart, Cardiac MRI) Procedure overview What is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the heart? Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. How does MRI work? The MRI machine is a large, cylindrical (tube-shaped) machine that creates a strong magnetic field around the patient. This magnetic ...
Mediastinoscopy Procedure overview What is a mediastinoscopy? A mediastinoscopy is a surgical procedure performed to examine the mediastinum. The mediastinum is the space behind the sternum (breastbone) in the middle of the chest that separates the two lungs. It contains lymph nodes, the heart and its great vessels, the trachea, the esophagus, and the thymus gland. The mediastinum can be visualized by the use of an endoscopic instrument called a mediastinoscope. A mediastinoscope is a lighted, long, thi...
Micropenis What is micropenis? Micropenis is defined as a normally structured penis that is below the normal size range for an infant. Normally, the length of a newborn boy's penis is between 2.8 to 4.2 centimeters (1.1 to 1.6 inches) with a circumference of 0.9 to 1.3 centimeters (0.35 to 0.5 inches). This measurement is taken by carefully stretching the penis and measuring from the tip of the penis to the base of the penis. A penis length of less than 1.9 centimeters (0.75 inches) is usually considere...
Motor Vehicle Safety Overview
Motor Vehicle Safety Overview For children ages 14 and younger, unintentional injury-related deaths occur most often when riding in a car. Many injuries that may occur as a result of motor vehicle accidents require clinical care by a doctor or other health care provider. Listed in the directory below are some other considerations for motor vehicle safety, for which a brief overview has been provided. Injury Statistics and Incidence Rates Identifying High-Risk Situations Installing and Using Child Safety...
Muscle and Joint Injuries
Muscle and Joint Injuries Children often injure muscles and joints while running, playing, climbing, or during sports activities. A sprain occurs when ligaments, the bands of tissue that hold bones together, are stretched or torn. A strain occurs when the muscle-tendon unit is overstretched or torn. Tendons help hold muscles and bones together. Sprains and strains can cause pain, swelling, and sometimes result in inability to move the joint. Ankle sprains are the most common type of sports injury. Many ...
Meningococcal Infections What are meningococcal infections? Meningococcal infections are caused by a bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis . The most common forms of meningococcal infections include meningitis (infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord) and meningococcemia (blood stream infections). Meningococcal infections are uncommon, but can be fatal. These infections occur most often during the late winter and early spring months. Children are more commonly affected, but t...
Meningitis in Children
Meningitis in Children What is meningitis? Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and the spinal cord. What causes meningitis? Meningitis is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection that invades the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and inflames the meninges. Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) is the fluid within the open spaces of the brain that protects and cushions the brain and spinal cord. The meninges are the thin membranes lining the brain and spinal cord. A fungus or p...
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