Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Gift Shop and Cafeteria
Events and Classes
Online Bill Pay
Online Bill Pay
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Gift Shop and Cafeteria
Events and Classes
Southern States Lagging in Tough Smoking Bans, CDC Says
Southern States Lagging in Tough Smoking Bans, CDC Says THURSDAY, June 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Smokers in southern states can still find plenty of places to spread secondhand smoke to others, a new report finds. In fact, no states in the U.S. Southeast have comprehensive smoke-free laws to protect nonsmokers from tobacco fumes, a federal government report says. This type of law bans smoking in all indoor areas of workplaces, restaurants and bars. Dr. Tom Frieden directs the U.S. Centers for Disease...
Sprained Ankle Could Pose Longer-Term Harms to Health
Sprained Ankle Could Pose Longer-Term Harms to Health THURSDAY, June 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many Americans have suffered through an ankle break or sprain, but new research suggests these injuries might have a larger effect on health. The study, based on a survey of thousands of adults, found that people with injured ankles tend to have higher rates of disability and arthritis, heart or respiratory issues going forward. The study can't prove cause-and-effect, but it points to the importance of prop...
Scans May Spare Some Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients From Chemo
Scans May Spare Some Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients From Chemo THURSDAY, June 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A certain type of medical scan can be used to help spare some Hodgkin lymphoma patients from the severe side effects of chemotherapy, a new study suggests. Researchers found that PET imaging can identify patients whose Hodgkin lymphoma will likely respond better to treatment, and therefore require less intensive chemotherapy. "The good news is that the majority of people diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma ...
Sleep Loses Out for Many Hooked on Video Games
Sleep Loses Out for Many Hooked on Video Games FRIDAY, June 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Are video games like "Bloodborne," "Fallout" and "Call of Duty" worth losing sleep over? For plenty of gamers, the answer is yes. A new study of almost 1,000 gamers finds many will sacrifice sleep to continue playing, suggesting video games are addictive for some people, the researchers said. "Our data shows that video gaming is quite an important factor that frequently leads to missed sleep for 67 percent of gamers...
Scientists Explore Possible Way to Stop Zika in Its Tracks
Scientists Explore Possible Way to Stop Zika in Its Tracks FRIDAY, June 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists say they've identified a potential way to prevent Zika and similar viruses from spreading in the body. They pinpointed a gene pathway that is vital for Zika and related viruses to spread infection between cells. The researchers found that shutting down a single gene in this pathway prevents these viruses from leaving an infected cell. "We wanted to find out if we could identify genes present i...
Single Working Moms Carry a Heart Burden
Single Working Moms Carry a Heart Burden THURSDAY, June 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Single working moms, who are often pressed for time and money, may have to worry about their heart health, too. Compared to married mothers with jobs, single working mothers in the United States have a higher risk of heart disease and stroke, researchers found. They're also more likely to smoke -- a known heart risk -- than women with other work and family patterns, said Frank van Lenthe, co-author of the new study. Los...
Spare the Meat, Skip the Type 2 Diabetes?
Spare the Meat, Skip the Type 2 Diabetes? TUESDAY, June 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Eating a mainly plant-based diet -- especially one with lots of healthy veggies, fruit and whole grains -- may significantly lower your risk of type 2 diabetes, a new study suggests. "This study highlights that even moderate dietary changes in the direction of a healthful plant-based diet can play a significant role in the prevention of type 2 diabetes," said study lead author Ambika Satija, a postdoctoral fellow at the...
Shouting? The 'Silent Treatment'? How Spouses Argue Linked to Physical Ills
Shouting? The 'Silent Treatment'? How Spouses Argue Linked to Physical Ills TUESDAY, June 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- How spouses disagree may predict which ones are more likely to develop certain ailments down the road, new research suggests. Analyzing 156 older couples over 20 years, scientists found that patterns of angry outbursts raised the risk of heart problems, while emotional withdrawal or "stonewalling" could lead to musculoskeletal issues such as back pain or stiff neck. "We've known for a l...
Spikes in Blood Pressure Don't Always Need ER Care
Spikes in Blood Pressure Don't Always Need ER Care MONDAY, June 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- If your blood pressure reading at a routine doctor's office visit is alarmingly high, in most cases that doesn't mean a trip to the emergency room, a new study suggests. In the Cleveland Clinic study of office visits by almost 60,000 patients with "hypertensive urgency" (very high blood pressure), less than 1 percent needed a referral to a hospital ER. The rest were treated and then sent home with no added risk ...
Strategies That Work to Help Prevent Suicides
Strategies That Work to Help Prevent Suicides FRIDAY, June 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- How can you keep someone who's thinking about suicide from going through with it? One way is to restrict easy access to methods of suicide, a new international review suggests. Researchers found that the number of suicides decreased in countries that reduced the number of pills sold at one time for drugs that could potentially be used in suicide attempts. Another effective measure is the installation of physical barr...
Study Questions Use of Antidepressants for Children, Teens
Study Questions Use of Antidepressants for Children, Teens WEDNESDAY, June 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Treating children and teens suffering from depression with antidepressants may be both ineffective and potentially dangerous, a new analysis suggests. Of the 14 antidepressants studied, only fluoxetine (Prozac) was more effective in treating depression than an inactive placebo in children and teens, the review found. And Effexor (venlafaxine) was linked to a higher risk of suicidal thoughts and attempt...
Sound Sleep Elusive for Many Kids With ADHD
Sound Sleep Elusive for Many Kids With ADHD WEDNESDAY, June 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new study supports a claim parents have long made about children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder -- kids with ADHD don't sleep as well as other kids. "Children with ADHD have huge sleep problems," said study leader Anne Virring Sorensen, a researcher at Aarhus University in Risskov, Denmark. "We verified [their sleep problems] by polysomnography, which hadn't been done before," she said. Polysomnograp...
Shift Workers at Greater Risk of Heart Ills, Study Says
Shift Workers at Greater Risk of Heart Ills, Study Says MONDAY, June 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep deprivation and an abnormal sleep cycle may increase the risk of heart disease, especially for shift workers, a small study suggests. "In humans, as in all mammals, almost all physiological and behavioral processes, in particular the sleep-wake cycle, follow a circadian rhythm that is regulated by an internal clock located in the brain," said study lead author Dr. Daniela Grimaldi. "When our sleep-wake...
Superior Results for Myeloma Drug That's Added Earlier in Treatment
Superior Results for Myeloma Drug That's Added Earlier in Treatment MONDAY, June 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A recently approved immunotherapy drug for a blood cancer called multiple myeloma can provide even better benefits if patients receive it earlier in their treatment, new clinical trial results show. Darzalex (daratumumab) reduced patients' risk of cancer progression by 70 percent when added to a standard two-drug regimen for people with recurring myeloma, said lead researcher Dr. Antonio Palumbo....
Stem Cells May Offer New Hope to Stroke Survivors
Stem Cells May Offer New Hope to Stroke Survivors THURSDAY, June 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preliminary research suggests that injecting adult stems cells directly into the brain may give stroke patients a new shot at recovery long after their stroke occurred. "We don't want to oversell this," stressed study lead author Dr. Gary Steinberg, chair of neurosurgery at Stanford University School of Medicine in Palo, Alto, Calif. "This isn't the first stem cell trial for stroke, and we're in the early phase,...
Severe Obesity May Boost Infection Risk After Heart Surgery
Severe Obesity May Boost Infection Risk After Heart Surgery WEDNESDAY, June 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Severely obese people may have a higher risk of certain complications after heart bypass surgery than normal-weight patients, a new study suggests. The researchers found that severe obesity was linked to much higher odds of developing an infection soon after heart bypass surgery. And severely obese patients were also more likely to have longer hospital stays than normal-weight patients. For the study,...
Smog Can Make Blood Pressure Soar: Studies
Smog Can Make Blood Pressure Soar: Studies TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More evidence links air pollution with increased risk of developing dangerous high blood pressure. The findings stem from a review of 17 studies conducted around the world. Each assessed a possible link between blood pressure and dirty air related to common pollutants, such as vehicle exhaust, coal burning and airborne dirt or dust. "Our results demonstrated that air pollutants had both short-term and long-term effects ...
Scans Spot Brain Region That Misfires in Depressed People
Scans Spot Brain Region That Misfires in Depressed People TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A part of the brain that responds to bad experiences acts in an unexpected way in people with depression, a small study finds. One theory suggested that the pea-sized structure called the habenula was overactive in people with depression, so researchers decided to test that hypothesis. The investigators scanned the brains of 25 people with depression and 25 people who never had depression while they were ...
Sun Protection Comes in Many Forms
Sun Protection Comes in Many Forms SUNDAY, May 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As folks start baring more skin at the beach, pool or barbecue this Memorial Day weekend, that means it's time to start covering up with sunscreen. Exposure to UVA and UVB rays is always harmful, an expert from Penn State Melanoma and Skin Cancer Center pointed out. The damage from these UV rays may be obvious right away in the form of a tan or sunburn, but they can lead a range of problems, from wrinkles to skin cancer, caution...
Some Experts Question Extent of Zika Threat to U.S.
Some Experts Question Extent of Zika Threat to U.S. THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Are health officials in the United States overreacting to the threat posed by the Zika virus this summer? Some leading insect and infectious-diseases experts think so, arguing that the mosquito-borne virus is unlikely to become a widespread hazard to pregnant women throughout the United States. "I think the risk for Zika actually setting up transmission cycles that become established in the continental U.S. is...
Smoking Harms Black Americans' Kidneys, Study Suggests
Smoking Harms Black Americans' Kidneys, Study Suggests WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking may pose a significant risk to kidney health for black Americans, new research suggests. The study included more than 3,600 black adults, aged 21 to 84, from Jackson, Miss., and the surrounding area. The researchers followed their health for 12 years. During that time, the researchers found that, overall, study participants who were current smokers had an 83 percent greater decline in kidney functi...
Strep Antistreptolysin O Titer (Blood)
Strep Antistreptolysin O Titer (Blood) Does this test have other names? ASO titer What is this test? This test looks for antibodies that your body made while fighting off group A Streptococcus bacteria. These are antibodies against a substance called streptolysin O, made by the bacteria. Group A Streptococcus can cause strep throat and other infections that can eventually lead to other, more serious, conditions. These include rheumatic fever and streptococcal glomerulonephritis, a disorder of the kidney...
Stool Culture Does this test have other names? Stool test, stool sample What is this test? This test looks for bacteria, viruses, and other germs in your stool. This test can help find out what's causing a digestive tract infection. For this test, your stool sample is put in a special container with the nutrients that bacteria or other germs need to grow. The lab waits until enough germs are present to be seen under a microscope. Once your healthcare provider knows the type of germ causing your infectio...
Sputum Culture Does this test have other names? No. What is this test? This test finds out what's causing your lung infection. Sputum, or phlegm, is the mucus that settles in the lower airways of your lungs when you have an infection or a chronic illness. A lung infection like pneumonia can cause you to cough up phlegm. Other conditions, including bronchiectasis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), can also cause coughing and make it difficult to breathe. This test helps your healthcare pro...
Sodium (Urine) Does this test have other names? Urine sodium test, Na test What is this test? This test measures the amount of sodium, or salt, in your urine. Sodium is in almost everything you eat. It's found in many processed foods, like pretzels and chips. It's even in some medicines. Your body needs some sodium to balance other minerals that circulate in your blood and to carry nutrients to different parts of your body. If you get too much sodium, your kidneys normally absorb it and clear it from yo...
Sodium (Blood) Does this test have other names? Na test What is this test? This test measures the levels of sodium in your blood. Sodium is an element needed for your body's cells to work correctly. You can get the sodium you need through your diet. Sodium helps make sure that your nerves and muscles can work as they should. Sodium is also important because it helps maintain the correct balance of fluids in your body, so that you don't have too much water. The kidneys help keep sodium at a healthy level...
Sjogren Antibody (Blood)
Sjögren Antibody (Blood) Does this test have other names? SS-A (or Ro), SS-B (or La) What is this test? This is a blood test for Sjögren syndrome. This condition is an autoimmune disease that makes it hard for your glands to make enough moisture. The condition causes discomfort by drying out mucous membranes, including the ones in the mouth, eyes, nose, lungs, and vagina. Sjögren may also affect the joints, kidneys, and the nervous, vascular, respiratory, and digestive systems. To help diagnose the cond...
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (Blood)
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (Blood) Does this test have other names? SHBG blood test What is this test? This test measures the level of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in your blood. SHBG is a protein made by your liver. It binds tightly to 3 sex hormones found in both men and women. These hormones are estrogen; dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and testosterone. SHBG carries these three hormones throughout your blood. Although SHBG binds 3 hormones, the hormone that's critical in this test is testosteron...
Serotonin Does this test have other names? 5-HT test What is this test? This test is sometimes used to help to diagnose carcinoid syndrome. This problem can occur in people with carcinoid tumors. These tumors grow from a certain type of cell, and they usually show up in the lungs, stomach, small intestine, rectum, and appendix. Some carcinoid tumors can convert a substance made from an amino acid in the body called tryptophan into a chemical called serotonin. Serotonin is further broken down to 5-HIAA. ...
Semen Analysis Does this test have other names? Semen testing What is this test? This is a series of tests that looks at how healthy your semen and sperm are. Male infertility is often caused by low sperm count, abnormal sperm movement, or weak sperm. If you and your partner are trying to conceive, the results of this test can help you figure out the next steps you may want to take. Why do I need this test? You may have a semen analysis if you and your partner haven't been able to conceive. You may also...
Salmonella Culture (Stool)
Salmonella Culture (Stool) Does this test have other names? Stool culture What is this test? This test looks for salmonella bacteria in your stool. Having these bacteria in your stool means you have a salmonella infection. Salmonella infection takes many forms, but the most common in the U.S. is gastroenteritis, also called a "stomach bug." You can get it if you eat food contaminated by animal feces. Food is often contaminated during processing, such as when raw meat comes in contact with other foods. U...
Salicylate (Blood) Does this test have other names? Salicylate serum test, serum salicylate level test, serum salicylate concentration test What is this test? This is a blood test to check for salicylate intoxication, which is usually caused by an overdose of aspirin. This test is also used to check for the correct aspirin dose in people who are given high doses of aspirin to treat inflammation from arthritis. Aspirin contains acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). Other salicylates are found in some wart removers...
Strep Screen (Rapid)
Strep Screen (Rapid) Does this test have other names? Throat swab, rapid strep test, rapid antigen test What is this test? The rapid strep screen is used to test for bacteria called group A streptococcus. Group A streptococcus bacteria cause illnesses such as strep throat and scarlet fever—a rash that may occur after a case of strep throat. Strep throat and scarlet fever can cause a number of symptoms, particularly a fever and a sore throat. These illnesses are quite contagious and require antibiotics t...
Skull Base Rhabdomyosarcoma in Children
Skull Base Rhabdomyosarcoma in Children What is skull base rhabdomyosarcoma? Rhabdomyosarcoma is a type of cancer. It starts in cells that grow into skeletal muscle cells. The cells are called rhabdomyoblasts. Skeletal muscles control all of a person’s voluntary muscle movements. The cancer is most common in children under age 10, but it is rare. It can form anywhere in the body. A skull base rhabdomyosarcoma forms in the head and neck. It grows in the area where the spine connects to the skull (skull b...
Scrotal Swelling in Children
Scrotal Swelling in Children Your son's scrotum is the sac that holds the two testicles. Scrotal swelling is a common problem seen in young boys and baby boys. It can have many causes. These are usually divided into painless and painful scrotal swelling. Hydrocele. Click to Enlarge. Causes of painless scrotal swelling Painless swelling can come on suddenly or slowly over time. Here are some of the more common causes: Hernias and hydroceles. These are the most common causes of scrotal swelling. They are ...
School-Based Occupational Therapy
School-Based Occupational Therapy School-based occupational therapy is a type of help given to children at school to help them be more successful. Your child may be able to get this type of help if he or she qualifies under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). An occupational therapist (OT) will look at your child to figure out whether he or she needs help at school. The OT will watch your child in school, evaluate your child's performance, and talk with other health care professional...
Stress Fractures in Young Athletes
Stress Fractures in Young Athletes Competitive sports can give some young athletes an edge over their peers. When fun, teamwork, and good sportsmanship are the top goals, sports can improve young kids' physical and emotional health, self-esteem, and even their relationship skills. Unfortunately, young athletes must also compensate for still-growing bones, tendons, and muscles, and sometimes sports injuries occur. The most common type of sports injury is an overuse injury such as a stress fracture. Overu...
Speech Sound Disorders in Children
Speech Sound Disorders in Children As young children learn language skills, it's normal for them to have some difficulty saying words correctly. That's part of the learning process. Their speech skills develop over time. They master certain sounds and words at each age. By age 8, most children have learned how to master all word sounds. But some children have speech sound disorders. This means they have trouble saying certain sounds and words past the expected age. This can make it hard to understand wh...
Sports and Children with Special Needs
Sports and Children with Special Needs All children can benefit from the exercise, energy release, and pure enjoyment of playing sports, and this includes children with special needs. About 18% of children in the U.S. have a disability or chronic condition. Special needs children are sometimes not encouraged to exercise because their parents or guardians fear they'll be hurt. But physical activity is as important for special needs children, as it is for any child. Participating in sports can help instil...
Sympathetic Nerve Blocks for Pain
Sympathetic Nerve Blocks for Pain A sympathetic nerve block is believed by many pain health care providers to be an effective method for controlling chronic pain. However, there is not a great deal of medical evidence to show whether these blocks are actually helpful. This therapy targets the sympathetic nervous system, a series of nerves that spread out from your spine to your body to help control several involuntary body functions, or body functions that you have no control over. These include blood f...
Skull Base Surgery
Skull Base Surgery The skull is composed of bones and cartilage that form the face and the cranium, which surrounds the brain. You can feel the bones of the cranium on top of the skull. The five bones that form the bottom, or base, of the cranium also form the eye socket, roof of the nasal cavity, some of the sinuses, and the bones that surround the inner ear. The skull base is a crowded and complicated area with different openings that the spinal cord, many blood vessels, and nerves all pass through. S...
Sympathectomy What is a sympathectomy? Deep inside your chest, a structure called the sympathetic nerve chain runs up and down along your spine. During a sympathectomy, a surgeon cuts or clamps this nerve chain. This keeps nerve signals from passing through it. Why might I need a sympathectomy? This procedure is used to treat a condition called hyperhidrosis or heavy sweating in the palms of the hands, the face, the underarms, and sometimes the feet. It's also used for facial blushing, some chronic pain...
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Procedure overview A sentinel lymph node biopsy is a surgical procedure that helps healthcare providers determine if or how far a cancer has spread within the body. Lymph nodes are part of the body’s lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is one weapon your body uses to fight infections like cancer, bacteria, and other foreign materials. The system consists of a clear fluid called lymph that traps these particles. This fluid flows to your lymph nodes. Nodes are small, round or...
Skull Base Chordoma
Skull Base Chordoma A chordoma is a form of bone cancer that can occur anywhere along the length of the spine, from the base of the skull to the lower back. When it occurs at the base of the skull, it is known as skull base chordoma. Because of its location in the base of the skull, it commonly affects vital structures, such as the nerves that control movement of the face, eyes, and swallowing. Facts about skull base chordoma Chordomas are rare cancers. Anyone can develop a chordoma at any age,but they ...
Stroke in Children
Stroke in Children A stroke is a brain injury caused by the interruption of blood flow to part of the brain. Stroke can be caused by a blocked blood vessel (ischemic stroke) or by bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). The brain needs a constant supply of oxygen, which is carried by the blood. When blood flow stops, brain cells start to die. Stroke is much more common in adults than children. Because a stroke isn't expected in a child, the diagnosis may be delayed. A child, however, often recovers ...
Spinal Arteriovenous Malformations
Spinal Arteriovenous Malformations What is a spinal arteriovenous malformation? Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) occur when the connections between your veins and arteries don't form correctly and the vessels become entangled. Usually, these abnormalities develop in the fetus, or in a newborn baby. AVMs can occur anywhere in the body. When they happen in the spinal cord and brain, they are called neurological AVMs, and are more likely to affect different parts of your body. This is because the brain a...
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage What is a subarachnoid hemorrhage? A subarachnoid hemorrhage means that there is bleeding in the space that surrounds the brain. Most often, it occurs when a weakened area in a blood vessel (aneurysm) on the surface of the brain bursts and leaks. The blood then builds up around the brain and inside the skull increasing pressure on the brain. This can cause brain cell damage, life-long complications, and disabilities. When an aneurysm is located in the brain, it's called a cerebra...
Stages of Alzheimer Disease
Stages of Alzheimer Disease Alzheimer disease is a brain disorder that causes memory loss, confusion, and changes in personality. It is a type of dementia. At first, people with this disease have only a small amount of memory loss and confusion. This is called “cognitive decline.” Over time, however, these symptoms get more severe. The disease progresses through 3 main stages of symptoms. In the final stage, people with Alzheimer disease may be unable to talk with family members or know what is going on...
Sleep Deprivation What is sleep deprivation? Sleep deprivation means you’re not getting enough sleep. For most adults, the amount of sleep needed for best health is 7 to 8 hours each night. When you get less sleep than that, as many people do, it can eventually lead to a whole host of health problems. These can include forgetfulness, being less able to fight off infections, and even mood swings and depression. What causes sleep deprivation? Sleep deprivation is not a specific disease. It is usually the ...
Snoring What is snoring? Some people breathe heavily when they sleep. Others make a soft whistling sound, and still others snore loudly. Snoring doesn’t necessarily mean that you have a medical condition, but it can sometimes be a sign of a serious sleep disorder, including sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is characterized by loud snoring followed by a few seconds of quiet because of a pause in breathing. This is followed by another loud sound, like a snort, then the snoring resumes. Snoring is common—as many a...
Spinal Cord Tumor Overview
Spinal Cord Tumor Overview A tumor forms when an abnormal cell grow to form a mass of abnormal cells. Spinal cord tumors are tumors that form on the spinal cord or in the area around it. A spinal cord tumor may be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). Even if benign, a tumor often causes pain and discomfort because it pushes on the spinal cord or nerves. A spinal cord tumor may be called “primary,” which means the cancer started in the spinal cord, or “secondary,” which means the cancer starte...
Status Epilpeticus What is status epilepticus? A seizure involves abnormal electrical activity in the brain affecting both the mind and the body. Many problems can cause you to have a seizure. These include high fever, brain infections, abnormal sodium or blood sugar levels, or head injuries. If you have epilepsy , you may have seizures repeatedly. A seizure that lasts at least 30 minutes is called status epilepticus, or a prolonged seizure . This is a medical emergency that may lead to permanent brain ...
Sick Sinus Syndrome
Sick Sinus Syndrome What is sick sinus syndrome? Sick sinus syndrome is a type of abnormal heartbeat, or arrhythmia. If you have sick sinus, you may have episodes when your heart beats very slowly, stops beating for a short while, or beats very rapidly. Sick sinus syndrome is not just one disease, but a collection of arrhythmias. Normally, a structure in your heart called the sinoatrial (SA) node regulates your heartbeat. Your SA node should keep your heart beating at the right pace. If you have sick si...
Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction
Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction Bile is a digestive juice that your liver produces. Your gallbladder stores it. Then it flows into the upper part of your small intestine to help you digest food. At the same time, your pancreas makes juices that are important for digestion. Both bile and your pancreatic juices flow to your small intestine through a common duct that is opened and closed by a round valve. The valve is a muscle called the sphincter of Oddi. In rare cases, the sphincter of Oddi goes into spasm...
Smoking and the Digestive System
Smoking and the Digestive System Smoking can harm your digestive system in a number of ways. Smokers tend to get heartburn and peptic ulcers more often than nonsmokers. Smoking makes those conditions harder to treat. Smoking increases the risk for Crohn’s disease and gallstones, and it increases the risk of further damage in liver disease. Smoking is also associated with cancer of the digestive organs, including the stomach, pancreas, and colon. Smoking and heartburn The stomach makes acidic juices that...
Stomal (Anastomotic) Stenosis After Gastric Bypass Surgery
Stomal (Anastomotic) Stenosis After Gastric Bypass Surgery What is stomal stenosis after gastric bypass surgery? After a gastric bypass procedure for weight loss, some people may develop a narrowing of the new connection between their stomach and lower intestine. This complication is called stomal stenosis, or anastomotic stenosis. What causes stomal stenosis after gastric bypass surgery? It's not clear why stomal stenosis occurs after gastric bypass surgery. It may be because of a combination of factor...
Spinal Cord Compression
Spinal Cord Compression What is spinal cord compession? Spinal cord compression is caused by any condition that puts pressure on your spinal cord. Your spinal cord is the bundle of nerves that carries messages back and forth from your brain to your muscles and other soft tissues. As your spinal cord travels down your back, it is protected by a stack of backbones called vertebrae. They also hold your body upright. The nerves of your spinal cord run through the openings between the vertebrae and out to yo...
Sjögren Syndrome What is Sjögren syndrome? Sjögren syndrome is an autoimmune disorder. This means that the body’s own immune system attacks its own cells and tissues by mistake. In this case, it attacks the glands that produce moisture. It commonly causes dry skin, dry eyes, and dry mouth. There are two types of Sjögren syndrome: Primary Sjögren. This is the term used when Sjögren syndrome appears by itself, without any other disease or illness. About half of cases are primary. Secondary Sjögren. This i...
Specialized Types of Cancer Surgery
Specialized Types of Cancer Surgery In most cases, cancer treatment depends on your overall health and the ability to tolerate surgery, the type and the stage of the cancer; the prognosis, or outlook, other available choices, and your personal preferences. Surgery may be recommended as part of cancer treatment to remove tumors or to take out tissue for testing. It may also be done to reconstruct a part of the body affected by the cancer. Or your doctor may think it is the best way to treat the cancer. I...
Sildenafil Citrate Oral tablet
Sildenafil Citrate Oral tablet What is this medicine? SILDENAFIL (sil DEN a fil) is used to treat erection problems in men. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. The dose is usually taken 1 hour before sexual activity. You should not take the dose more than once per day. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. This medicine is...
Search Health Library
Find A Doctor
A to Z LIST
I Need a Specialist In
A to Z LIST
Browse Health Library
Events and Classes
6200 North LaCholla Blvd.
Tucson, AZ 85741
More Helpful Tools
Online Bill Pay
Online Bill Pay
Patients & Caregivers
Patients & Caregivers
Campus and Amenities
Hospital Fact Sheet
Events and Classes
Billing and Insurance
Patient Rights and Responsibilities
Media and Vendors
Marketing and PR contact
6200 North LaCholla Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85741
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.
6200 North LaCholla Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85741
Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.